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Magnetic solid phase extraction of sulfonamides based on carboxylated magnetic graphene oxide nanoparticles in environmental waters A

Gao, p-Shiqian, Guo, Yutong, Li, Xinyue, Wang, Xuedong, Wang, Junxia, Qian, Feiyue, Gu, Haidong, Zhang, Zhanen
Journal of chromatography 2018 v.1575 pp. 1-10
adsorbents, adsorption, carboxylation, chemical species, desorption, detection limit, graphene oxide, high performance liquid chromatography, ionic strength, magnetism, nanoparticles, pH, scanning electron microscopy, solid phase extraction, sulfonamides, tandem mass spectrometry, transmission electron microscopy
A magnetic nano-adsorbent material was prepared by functionalizing carboxylic group onto the granule surface of magnetic graphene oxide nanoparticles (CMGO), using in-situ co-precipitating method. The surface morphology was characterized by SEM and TEM. The CMGO was selected as the adsorbent for the magnetic solid phase extraction (MSPE) of sulfonamides (SAs) from environmental water samples, and the eluted analytes were determined by ultra high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS). A series of experimental parameters were optimized to improve the extraction efficiency such as amount of CMGO, extraction time, pH, ionic strength of the sample solution and desorption conditions. When the pH of water sample was 4.00, the extraction recoveries (ERs) for SAs were over 82.0% with 15.0 mg CMGO adsorption for 20 min. Under the optimized extraction conditions, linear range was obtained with coefficients of determination (R²)≥0.9983. The limits of detection for this proposed method were in the range of 0.49–1.59 ng/L, and the enrichment factors were 1320-1702 for eight SAs. The newly developed method was successfully applied to the analysis of trace SAs in real-world water samples, which provided satisfactory ERs in the range of 82.0–106.2% with RSDs less than 7.2%. Overall, it shows a great potential for the concentration of trace amine organic pollutions in complex matrices.