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A steady-state analytical profile method for determining methane oxidation in landfill cover

Author:
Feng, S., Liu, H.W., Chiu, A.C.F., Ng, C.W.W.
Source:
The Science of the total environment 2019 v.646 pp. 1528-1535
ISSN:
0048-9697
Subject:
advection, carbon dioxide, equations, landfills, mathematical models, methane, methane production, nitrogen, oxidation, oxygen, soil, stoichiometry
Abstract:
Gas concentration profiles of carbon dioxide (CO2), oxygen (O2), methane (CH4) and nitrogen (N2) are usually measured during tests investigating microbial aerobic methane oxidation in landfill cover. However, only qualitative/limited information can be obtained from gas concentration profiles by existing methods. A new method is proposed to determine methane oxidation in soil quantitatively and comprehensively, including methane oxidation efficiency, stoichiometry, gas transfer mechanism, methane generation rate and gas reaction rate distributions. Governing equations are established based on mass balance for O2, CO2, CH4 and N2 at one-dimensional and steady-state condition. Gas transfer mechanisms considered include gas diffusion, advection and gas reaction. The method utilizes gas concentration profiles to determine gas diffusion for each gas component according to Fick's law. Then gas advections and reactions can be determined by mass balance. The method is validated by (i) published soil column tests investigating methane oxidation and (ii) a calibrated numerical model based on a selected soil column test. The new method is capable of determining methane oxidation efficiency, stoichiometry, gas transfer mechanism, methane generation rate and gas reaction rate distributions for CH4, CO2 and O2.
Agid:
6143774