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Inhibitory kinetics and mechanism of rifampicin on α-glucosidase: Insights from spectroscopic and molecular docking analyses

Author:
Lin, Mei-Zhen, Chai, Wei-Ming, Zheng, Yun-Ling, Huang, Qian, Ou-Yang, Chong
Source:
International journal of biological macromolecules 2019 v.122 pp. 1244-1252
ISSN:
0141-8130
Subject:
alpha-glucosidase, amino acids, computer simulation, diabetes mellitus, enzyme activity, enzyme inhibitors, fluorescence, hydrogen bonding, hydrophobicity, hypoglycemic agents, inhibitory concentration 50, rifampicin, spectroscopy
Abstract:
α-Glucosidase is a critical enzyme associated with diabetes mellitus, and the inhibitors of the enzyme play important roles in the treatment of the disease. In this study, the inhibitory effect and mechanism of rifampicin on α-glucosidase were investigated by multispectroscopic methods along with molecular docking technique. The results showed that rifampicin inhibited α-glucosidase activity prominently (IC50 = 135 ± 1.2 μM) in a reversible and competitive-type manner. The fluorescence intensity of α-glucosidase was quenched by rifampicin through forming rifampicin-α-glucosidase complex in a static procedure. And the formation of the rifampicin-α-glucosidase complex was driven spontaneously by hydrophobic forces and hydrogen bonds. The results obtained from molecular docking further indicated that hydrophobic forces were formed between rifampicin and amino acid residues Phe 173, Pro151, and hydrogen bonds were generated by the interactions of rifampicin with residues Ser 180, Asn 414, Gly160, and Gly161 of α-glucosidase. Moreover, it was found that the binding of rifampicin to α-glucosidase could alter the conformation of the enzyme to make it steady, and the binding distance was estimated to be 1.02 nm. Therefore, this study confirmed a novel α-glucosidase inhibitor and possibly contributed to the improvement of newfangled anti-diabetic agent.