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Bioassays: The best alternative for conventional methods in detection of Legionella pneumophila

Mobed, Ahmad, Hasanzadeh, Mohammad, Agazadeh, Mohammad, Mokhtarzadeh, Ahad, Rezaee, Mohammad Ahangarzadeh, Sadeghi, Javid
International journal of biological macromolecules 2019 v.121 pp. 1295-1307
DNA, Legionella pneumophila, antibodies, bacteria, bacteriology, bioassays, electrochemistry, environmental monitoring, fastidious bacteria, immunoassays, immunosensors, nutrient requirements
Fastidious bacteria are group of bacteria that not only grow slowly but also have complex nutritional needs. In this review, recent progress made on development of biosensing strategies towards quantification of Legionella pneumophila as fastidious bacteria in microbiology was investigated. In coincidence with medical bacteriology, it is the most widely used bio-monitoring, biosensors based on DNA and antibody. Also, all of legionella pneumophila genosensors and immunosensors that developed in recent years were collected analyzed. This review is meant to provide an overview of the various types of bioassays have been developed for determination of Legionella Legionella, along with significant advances over the last several years in related technologies. In addition, this review described: i) Most frequently applied principles in bioassay/biosensing of Legionellaii) The aspects of fabrication in the perspective of bioassay/biosensing applications iii) The potential of various electrochemical and optical bioassay/biosensing for the determination of Legionella and the circumvention of the most serious problem in immunosensing/immunoassay was discussed. iv) Some of bioassay/biosensing has been discussed with and without labels. v) We also summarize the latest developments in the applications of bioassay/biosensing methods for detection of Legionella. vi) The development trends of optical and electrochemical based bioassay/biosensing are also introduced.