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3D printing using plant-derived cellulose and its derivatives: A review

Dai, Lei, Cheng, Ting, Duan, Chao, Zhao, Wei, Zhang, Weipeng, Zou, Xuejun, Aspler, Joseph, Ni, Yonghao
Carbohydrate polymers 2019 v.203 pp. 71-86
cellulose, esters, ethers, feedstocks, manufacturing, polymers
Three-dimensional (3D) printing is classified as a revolutionary, disruptive manufacturing technology. Cellulose (the most abundant natural polymer) and its many derivatives have been widely studied for many applications. The combination of 3D printing with cellulose-based feedstocks is therefore of critical interest. This review highlights many studies on 3D printing applications of plant-derived cellulose and its derivatives. Potential materials include cellulose ethers/esters, microcrystalline cellulose, nanocellulosic materials, and other products. It focuses on their roles and functions in 3D printing processes and the performance of the resultant printed objects. The outlook for future work is also provided, to underscore critical issues and opportunities.