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Development and evaluation of a droplet digital PCR assay for the detection of fowl adenovirus serotypes 4 and 10 in attenuated vaccines
- Dong, Guiwei, Meng, Fanfeng, Zhang, Yubiao, Cui, Zhizhong, Lidan, Hou, Chang, Shuang, Zhao, Peng
- Journal of virological methods 2019 v.265 pp. 59-65
- Adenoviridae, Newcastle disease virus, chickens, droplets, feathers, genomics, live vaccines, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, rapid methods, serotypes, China
- In recent years, there has been an increase in reported cases of fowl adenovirus serotype 4 (FAdV-4) in chickens in China. The use of live attenuated vaccines contaminated with FAdV-4 has been proved to be one of the important causes of massive outbreaks of hydropericardium syndrome. To detect the contamination with FAdV-4 in attenuated vaccines more promptly and accurately, a droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) assay was developed for the rapid detection of FAdV-4 and FAdV-10. The ability of this assay to detect FAdV-4 contamination in attenuated Newcastle disease virus vaccines was assessed in comparison to a quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) and a conventional PCR assay. The findings indicated that the ddPCR assay could detect FAdV-4 contamination at 0.1 EID50/1,000 feathers, while the qPCR could detect FAdV-4 contamination at 1 EID50/1,000 feathers with identical genomic targets, which was 1,000-fold more sensitive than conventional PCR detection with a sensitivity of 102 EID50/1,000 feathers. The ddPCR assay also showed high specificity for FAdV-4/10 and no positive signals were detected for other FAdVs. Consequently, the intuitive and rapid results were especially suitable for the detection of FAdV-4 contamination in vaccines. In this study, a ddPCR assay was developed to effectively detect and quantify low-dose FAdV-4 contamination, providing a new method for rapid detection of FAdV-4 contamination in various samples, especially vaccines.