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Molecularly Imprinted Polymers in Electrochemical and Optical Sensors
- Ahmad, Omar S., Bedwell, Thomas S., Esen, Cem, Garcia-Cruz, Alvaro, Piletsky, Sergey A.
- Trends in biotechnology 2019 v.37 no.3 pp. 294-309
- diagnostic techniques, electrochemistry, explosives, forensic sciences, molecular imprinting, nanotechnology, polymers, receptors
- Molecular imprinting is the process of template-induced formation of specific recognition sites in a polymer. Synthetic receptors prepared using molecular imprinting possess a unique combination of properties such as robustness, high affinity, specificity, and low-cost production, which makes them attractive alternatives to natural receptors. Improvements in polymer science and nanotechnology have contributed to enhanced performance of molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) sensors. Encouragingly, recent years have seen an increase in high-quality publications describing MIP sensors for the determination of biomolecules, drugs of abuse, and explosives, driving toward applications of this technology in medical and forensic diagnostics. This review aims to provide a focused overview of the latest achievements made in MIP-based sensor technology, with emphasis on research toward real-life applications.