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Bioinspired and biomimetic systems for advanced drug and gene delivery

Sabu, Chinnu, Rejo, Christine, Kotta, Sabna, Pramod, K.
Journal of controlled release 2018 v.287 pp. 142-155
biocompatibility, biomimetics, drugs, gene transfer, mammals, medicine, nanocarriers, texture, toxicity
Natural nanocarriers found in biological frameworks have motivated the scientists to fabricate new structures that help to build characteristic systems mimicking the natural processes. Furthermore, these bioinspired and biomimetic systems improve biocompatibility during drug and gene delivery applications. The success of such a drug delivery system depends on parameters like shape, surface, texture, movement, and preparation methods. To date, various bioinspired and biomimetic drug delivery systems are available. Bacteria-inspired, virus-inspired, fungus-inspired and mammalian cell-inspired systems are presently in the spotlight. Bioinspired or biomimetic macromolecular and nanoparticle-based drug and gene delivery systems are well studied. The bioinspired and biomimetic systems find great application in biomedicine. Drug delivery, gene delivery, theranostic, and biosensing applications are major among the biomedical applications of these versatile systems. These systems have great influence on the biological systems owing to their high biocompatibility, less toxicity, and significant interaction. Bioinspired and biomimetic systems have a bright future ahead with a lot of potentials to resolve any obstacles encountered in drug and gene delivery.