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Effect of rheological properties of potato, rice and corn starches on their hot-extrusion 3D printing behaviors

Chen, Huan, Xie, Fengwei, Chen, Ling, Zheng, Bo
Journal of food engineering 2019 v.244 pp. 150-158
corn starch, extrusion, potatoes, rice, starch, storage modulus
In this study, the relationship between rheological properties and printability of three types of starch (potato, rice and corn starch) for hot-extrusion 3D printing (HE-3DP) were systematically investigated. Each starch sample showed a shear-thinning behavior, self-supporting property, as well as the feature of a substantial decrease at higher strains and a recovery at lower strains in storage modulus (G′), which indicated the suitability of starch for HE-3DP. Besides, the flow stress (τf), yield stress (τy), and G′ increased with a higher starch concentration. We found that starch suspensions with concentrations of 15–25% (w/w) heated to 70–85 °C possessed preferable values of τf (140–722 Pa), τy (32–455 Pa), and G' (1150–6909 Pa) for HE-3DP, which endowed them with excellent extrusion processability and sufficient mechanical integrity to achieve high resolutions (0.804–1.024 mm line width). Overall, our results provided useful information to produce individualized starch-based food by HE-3DP.