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Analysis of pelletizing from corn cob waste

Miranda, M.T., SepĂșlveda, F.J., Arranz, J.I., Montero, I., Rojas, C.V.
Journal of environmental management 2018 v.228 pp. 303-311
agricultural wastes, biofuels, biomass, boilers, bulk density, corn cobs, durability, energy, heaters, industry, markets, new products, pellets
In recent years, biomass market has constantly increased. Pellet industry has started looking for new products with the potential to be used as biofuels. Among them are agricultural wastes, such as corn cob waste, which presents some characteristics that make its direct use in industrial facilities possible. However, these properties are not enough for its use in domestic stoves and boilers, where higher quality of fuel is needed. For this reason, densification is used. In the present research work a technical and energy analysis of corn cob waste pelletizing was carried out in a semi-industrial pelletizer. Some relationships between variables, such as moisture, bulk density and mechanical durability, were analyzed, as well as their influence on energy use and final productivity. The results were satisfactory, as the pellets manufactured fulfilled with most specifications that were consulted, with higher values than those recorded for similar kinds of pellets. Concerning the energy study, the increase in production justified a higher energy consumption of the process in order to get a higher productivity ratio.