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TiC doped palladium/nickel foam cathode for electrocatalytic hydrodechlorination of 2,4-DCBA: Enhanced electrical conductivity and reactive activity

Lou, Zimo, Li, Yizhou, Zhou, Jiasheng, Yang, Kunlun, Liu, Yuanli, Baig, Shams Ali, Xu, Xinhua
Journal of hazardous materials 2019 v.362 pp. 148-159
cathodes, coprecipitation, dechlorination, dissociation, electrical conductivity, electrolytes, foams, kinetics, nickel, operating costs, pH, palladium, silver, silver chloride, titanium
Titanium carbide (TiC) with excellent electrical conductivity, chemical and thermal stabilities has been recognized as one of the most promising electrocatalysts. A novel cathode, titanium carbide doped palladium/nickel foam (TiC-Pd/Ni foam), was synthesized via electroless deposition to improve the performance of Pd/Ni foam in electrocatlytic hydrodechlorination (ECH). TiC can be co-precipitated onto the surface of cathode during galvanic replacement reaction between Pd(II) solution and Ni foam. Both constant potential and constant current tests proved that TiC-Pd/Ni foam cathode performed remarkably higher activity for 2,4-dichlorobenzoic acid (2,4-DCBA) than Pd/Ni foam cathode, owing to the excellent conductivity of TiC and enhanced water dissociation over TiC-Pd/Ni foam cathode. Under the optimized reaction conditions of –0.85 V (vs Ag/AgCl), electrolyte of 10 mM and initial pH of 4, 99.8% of aqueous 2,4-DCBA (0.2 mM) was removed within 90 min. The removal process of the aqueous 2,4-DCBA obeyed first-order decay kinetic model. Over 86.3% of 2,4-DCBA can still be removed by TiC-Pd/Ni foam cathode in the fifth consecutive run within 120 min, which was much higher than that of Pd/Ni foam cathode (37.5%). Consequently, TiC-Pd/Ni foam cathode was a promising design for enhanced ECH activity and reduced operation cost.