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Thermal and oxidative stability of curcumin encapsulated in yeast microcarriers

Young, Stephen, Nitin, Nitin
Food chemistry 2019 v.275 pp. 1-7
Saccharomyces cerevisiae, analysis of variance, antioxidant activity, antioxidants, cell walls, curcumin, denaturation, emulsions, encapsulation, free radicals, iron, oxidative stability, pasteurization, thermal stability, yeasts
This study evaluated the effects of the intracellular constituents of yeast microcarriers on the thermal and oxidative stability of encapsulated curcumin. Intact yeast cells and plasmolyzed yeast, i.e. yeast cell wall particles (YCWPs), of Saccharomyces cerevisiae were compared to Pickering emulsions in this study. Peroxyl radicals were generated with 2,2′-azobis(2-methylpropionamidine) dihydrochloride (AAPH) and thermal pasteurization was carried out at 70 °C and 90 °C. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and kinetic modeling were also employed. YWCPs provided significantly higher thermal stability to curcumin (91.8 ± 1.0% and 99.7 ± 3.1% at 70 °C and 90 °C respectively) compared to intact cells and Pickering emulsions; these results in YCWPs were attributed to the lack of native subcellular structures which are prone to denaturation and subsequently release curcumin. Native yeast, however, provided significantly higher oxidative stability to encapsulated curcumin. This oxidative stability in intact cells was ascribed to endogenous, cytoplasmic antioxidants and confirmed with ferric ion reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assays.