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Microbial characterization of five Chinese traditional sourdoughs by high-throughput sequencing and their impact on the quality of potato steamed bread

Zhao, Zheng, Mu, Taihua, Sun, Hongnan
Food chemistry 2019 v.274 pp. 710-717
Lactobacillus, Pediococcus, Wickerhamomyces, breads, fermentation, fungi, hardness, high-throughput nucleotide sequencing, nutrients, pH, potatoes, proximate composition, sourdough, staple foods, texture
To improve the quality of potato steamed bread, the microbial diversity of 5 different sourdoughs and their effects on potato steamed bread were studied. The proximate composition analysis differentiated the Chinese traditional sourdough (CTS) with different levels of nutrients and pH (3.82–6.22). High-throughput sequencing revealed the predominant microbes in the five CTSs were Lactobacillus, Pediococcus, and Wickerhamomyces. Similarities of bacterial and fungal compositions were observed within them. The fermentation rheological results suggested CTS1 and CTS3 had higher total gas production value (2355.5 mL and 2249.5 mL respectively) than baker’s yeast. CTSs resulted in various effects on the appearance and texture properties of potato steamed bread with CTS1 showed the highest specific volume (2.38 mL/g) and sensory score (7.43). Wickerhamomyces significantly correlated with the total gas production, hardness, resilience, and lightness of potato steamed bread. The study suggested a potential application of CTSs in fermented potato staple foods.