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Applicability of biological dye tracer in strip biosensor for ultrasensitive detection of pathogenic bacteria

Bu, Tong, Huang, Qiong, Yan, Lingzhi, Zhang, Wentao, Dou, Leina, Huang, Lunjie, Yang, Qingfeng, Zhao, Bingxin, Yang, Baowei, Li, Tao, Wang, Jianlong, Zhang, Daohong
Food chemistry 2019 v.274 pp. 816-821
Gram-positive bacteria, Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella Enteritidis, biosensors, food pathogens, food safety, gentian violet, models, monitoring, monoclonal antibodies, protocols, staining, virulent strains
Here, a facile, label-free and sensitive lateral flow strip (LFS) biosensor for foodborne pathogens was established relying on the innovative introduction of Gram staining and the direct immunoreaction. Target bacteria can be directly marked with crystal violet (CV) by one-step staining which is superior to traditional signal marking techniques in LFS assay, and the method’s selectivity can be guaranteed by high-specificity monoclonal antibody. With Salmonella Enteritidis (S. Enteritidis) as a model target, this protocol can selectively detect 80 CFU mL−1S. Enteritidis within 11 min in the optimized conditions. Moreover, with Listeria monocytogenes as another model target, the biosensor shows a high universality for detections of both gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria. The unexpected applicability of biological dye tracer in strip biosensor reveals that the biological dye can be a potential tool serving as a universal signal tracer for pathogenic microorganisms in food safety monitoring and early clinical diagnosis.