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Nutrition support team activities can improve enteral nutrition administration in intensive care units

Lopes, Martina Celi Bandeira Rufino, Ceniccola, Guilherme Duprat, Araújo, Wilma Maria Coelho, Akutsu, Rita
Nutrition 2019 v.57 pp. 275-281
adult education, cross-sectional studies, enteral feeding, hospitals, protocols, quality control, questionnaires, regression analysis
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the nutritional support team (NST) activities on the quality of enteral nutrition administration in intensive care units.An observational, analytical, and cross-sectional study was performed in nine hospitals in the Brazilian Federal District through the administration of two questionnaires. One questionnaire focused on the activities of the NST and the other on the quality of enteral nutrition administration in intensive care units.There was a strong correlation between the scores of the two questionnaires, which was confirmed by a linear regression model (R2 = 0.623; P = 0.007). The results suggest that high scores in the NST activities questionnaire predict a better performance in enteral nutrition administration. The sections of the NST activity questionnaire that most strongly affected enteral nutrition administration were the protocols (r = 0.895; P < 0.01), quality control (r = 0.779; P < 0.05), and continuing education (r = 0.753; P < 0.05).The NST has the potential to positively influence enteral nutrition management in intensive care units and investments could be directed to the areas of continuing education, protocols, and quality control to maximize the effect of NST in intensive care units.