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On the origin of the synergy between the Pt nanoparticles and MnO2 nanosheets in Wonton-like 3D nanozyme oxidase mimics

Liu, Jing, Meng, Lingjie, Fei, Zhaofu, Dyson, Paul J., Zhang, Lei
Biosensors & bioelectronics 2018 v.121 pp. 159-165
biosensors, blood serum, detection limit, dopamine, drugs, electron microscopy, electron transfer, glutathione, humans, manganese dioxide, nanocomposites, nanoparticles, nanosheets, oxidation, oxidoreductases, platinum
We describe a 3-dimensional scaffold nanocomposite oxidase nanozyme (termed PtNPs@MnO2) formed from 2-dimensional MnO2 nanosheets grown on the surface of large platinum nanoparticles (PtNPs). The two components act synergistically in the catalytic oxidation of 3,3′,5,5′-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB), due to the intimate contact between the two components and mutual electron transfer phenomena. The Wonton-like 3-dimensional structure of the nanocomposite is highly stable and was characterized by cryogenic electron microscopy (cryo-EM). The PtNPs@MnO2 nanocomposite was employed in a sensing assay for the determination of glutathione (GSH) and dopamine (DA) with a linear range of 0.2 μM–11 μM for GSH and 0.1 μM–1.1 μM for DA. The limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantification (LOQ) of GSH are 0.05 μM (S/N = 3) and 0.17 μM (S/N = 10), respectively. The LOD and LOQ for DA were estimated as 0.025 μM and 0.083 μM. The method was applied to analyze GSH in human serum samples and DA in pharmaceuticals.