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Hydrogels Incorporating Au@Polydopamine Nanoparticles: Robust Performance for Optical Sensing

Zhang, Jiangjiang, Mou, Lei, Jiang, Xingyu
Analytical chemistry 2018 v.90 no.19 pp. 11423-11430
absorption, acetylcholinesterase, agarose, color, colorimetry, drugs, enzyme activity, hydrogels, ions, nanogold, nanoparticles, nanosilver, surface plasmon resonance
Stimuli-responsive hydrogels (SRhG) that undergo response to physicochemical stimuli have been broadly applied in separation, biosensing, and drug delivery. Since, most of the SRhG are based on the structural behaviors (swelling or collapse). Herein, we describe a more simple and convenient colorimetric SRhG of polydopamine-coated gold nanoparticles (Au@PDA NPs) hydrogel. The newly developed SRhG is based on the in situ surface chemistry of Au@PDA NPs with core–shell structure embedding in agarose hydrogel. Silver ions can in situ form Ag NPs on surfaces of Au@PDA NPs (Ag_Au@PDA NPs with core–satellites like structure) at ambient conditions, which shift the localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) absorption peak and result in color change. The solid sensing phase of SRhG shows greatly improved stability and anti-interference ability comparing to that of solution phase sensing. With rational designs, Au@PDA NPs hydrogel shows great potential in optical sensing, for example, biothiol detection, and coupled with enzyme-cascade reaction for acetylcholinesterase activity detection and inhibitor assays with excellent sensitivity and selectivity.