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Development of a Luminescent Dinuclear Ir(III) Complex for Ultrasensitive Determination of Pesticides
- Lu, Lihua, Su, Huijuan, Liu, Qingyun, Li, Feng
- Analytical chemistry 2018 v.90 no.19 pp. 11716-11722
- acetylcholinesterase, aldicarb, biphenyl, detection limit, emissions factor, environmental monitoring, food safety, hydrolysis, light intensity, luminescence, models, nucleotidyltransferases, organophosphorus compounds, single-stranded DNA
- To improve the G-quadruplex specificity of Ir(III) complexes, a novel dinuclear Ir(III) complex (Din Ir(III)–1) was designed and synthesized through connecting two mononuclear Ir(III) complexes via a diphenyl bridge. Din Ir(III)–1 presents 3.4–4.1-fold enhancements for G-quadruplex relative to ssDNA and 4.3–5.3-fold enhancements relative to dsDNA in luminescence intensity, respectively, demonstrating an excellent G-quadruplex selectivity. Ascribed to its superior specificity to G-quadruplex, Din Ir(III)–1 was employed to construct a highly sensitive luminescent pesticides’ detection platform. The detection is based on acetylcholinesterase (AChE)-catalyzed hydrolysis product-induced DNA conformational transformation and subsequent terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT) directed G-quadruplex formation. The assay exhibited a linear response between the emission intensity of Din Ir(III)–1 and the pesticide concentration in the range of 0.5–25 μg/L (R² = 0.994), and the limit of detection for the pesticide was as low as 0.37 μg/L when using aldicarb as the model pesticide. Moreover, this strategy demonstrates good applicability for the pesticide detection in real samples. It is also versatile for the detection of other organophosphate or carbamate pesticides, which have the inhibition ability toward AChE. Therefore, the proposed approach is scalable for practical application in food safety and environmental monitoring fields and will provide promising solutions for the assay of pesticide residues.