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Anti-breast-Cancer Activity Exerted by β-Sitosterol-d-glucoside from Sweet Potato via Upregulation of MicroRNA-10a and via the PI3K–Akt Signaling Pathway
- Xu, Heshan, Li, Yuanfeng, Han, Bing, Li, Zhaoxing, Wang, Bin, Jiang, Pu, Zhang, Jian, Ma, Wenyu, Zhou, Deqi, Li, Xuegang, Ye, Xiaoli
- Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2018 v.66 no.37 pp. 9704-9718
- antineoplastic activity, apoptosis, breast neoplasms, caspases, cell lines, cell viability, cytotoxicity, flow cytometry, mice, mitochondria, mortality, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, phytosterols, protein content, signal transduction, staining, sweet potatoes, therapeutics, women
- Breast cancer (BC) is a prominent source of cancer mortality in women throughout the world. β-Sitosterol-d-glucoside (β-SDG), a newly isolated phytosterol from sweet potato, possibly displays potent anticancer activity. However, the probable anticancer mechanisms involved are still unclear. This study sought to study how β-SDG from sweet potato affects two BC cell lines (MCF7 and MDA-MB-231) and nude mice bearing MCF7-induced tumors. In addition, we assessed how β-SDG affects tumor suppressor miR-10a and PI3K–Akt signaling in BC cells. Cell viability and proliferation were determined via MTT and colony-formation assays, and apoptosis was quantified by Hoechst staining and flow cytometry. In addition, miR-10a expression and apoptosis-related protein levels were measured. Our study indicated that β-SDG exhibited cytotoxic activities on MCF7 and MDA-MB-231 cells via inducing apoptosis and activating caspase proteases in these cells. Furthermore, the experimental results in nude mice bearing MCF7-induced tumors demonstrated that oral β-SDG administration at medium (60 mg/kg) or high (120 mg/kg) doses was sufficient to substantially impair the growth of tumors and to decrease the levels of CEA, CA125, and CA153 by 64.71, 74.64, and 85.32%, respectively, relative to those of the controls (P < 0.01). β-SDG was further found to regulate the expression of PI3K, p-Akt, Bcl-2-family members, and other factors involved in the PI3K–Akt-mediated mitochondrial signaling pathway via the tumor suppressor miR-10a. These findings indicated that β-SDG suppresses tumor growth by upregulating miR-10a expression and inactivating the PI3K–Akt signaling pathway. Furthermore, β-SDG could be developed as a potential therapeutic agent against MCF7-cell-related BC.