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SlERF2 Is Associated with Methyl Jasmonate-Mediated Defense Response against Botrytis cinerea in Tomato Fruit

Yu, Wenqing, Zhao, Ruirui, Sheng, Jiping, Shen, Lin
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2018 v.66 no.38 pp. 9923-9932
Botrytis cinerea, beta-glucanase, chitinase, disease resistance, enzyme activity, ethylene, ethylene production, fruits, methyl jasmonate, pathogens, peroxidase, phenylalanine ammonia-lyase, protein content, signal transduction, tomatoes
Methyl jasmonate (MeJA) and ethylene play important roles in mediating defense responses against Botrytis cinerea. Ethylene response factors (ERFs) are the final components of ethylene signal transduction; whether SlERF2 participates in disease resistance against Botrytis cinerea is unclear. The objective of this study was to investigate the role of SlERF2 in MeJA-mediated defense response by using both sense and antisense SlERF2 tomato fruit. Our results showed that both MeJA treatment and pathogen infection upregulated SlERF2 expression level. Overexpression of SlERF2 enhanced tomato fruit resistance against Botrytis cinerea. MeJA treatment increased ethylene production, promoted the activities of chitinase, β-1,3-glucanase, phenylalanine ammonia-lyase, and peroxidase, and elevated pathogenesis-related protein content and total phenolic content. Moreover, the effects of MeJA on disease response were reinforced in sense SlERF2 tomato fruit, while they were weakened in antisense SlERF2 tomato fruit. These results indicated that SlERF2 was involved in MeJA-mediated disease resistance against Botrytis cinerea in tomato fruit.