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Biocompatible Meshes with Appropriate Wettabilities for Underwater Oil Transportation/Collection and Highly Effective Oil/Water Separation

Author:
Wang, Chih-Feng, Wang, Wen-Ning, Kuo, Shiao-Wei, Chiang, Yeo-Wan, Hung, Jui-Hsiang, Lee, Kuo-Jung
Source:
Langmuir 2018 v.34 no.38 pp. 11442-11448
ISSN:
1520-5827
Subject:
antifouling activities, biocompatible materials, cost effectiveness, hydrophilicity, oils, pollutants, pollution control, porous media, stainless steel, tannins, transportation
Abstract:
In this study, we prepared biocompatible superhydrophilic and underwater superoleophobic tannic acid (TA)/polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)-coated stainless-steel meshes that mediated extremely efficient separations of mixtures of oil and water. These TA/PVP-coated stainless-steel meshes displayed excellent antifouling properties and could be used to separate oil/water mixtures continuously for up to 24 h. Moreover, a funnel-like TA/PVP-coated stainless-steel mesh device could be used for underwater oil transportation and collection. In conjunction with our continuous oil removal system, this device allowed for the continuous collection and removal of oil pollutants from underwater environments. The high performance of these TA/PVP-coated stainless-steel meshes and their green, low-energy, cost-effective preparation suggests great potential for practical applications.
Agid:
6146417