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Biokinetics of microbial consortia using biogenic sulfur as a novel electron donor for sustainable denitrification

Kostrytsia, Anastasiia, Papirio, Stefano, Morrison, Liam, Ijaz, Umer Zeeshan, Collins, Gavin, Lens, Piet N.L., Esposito, Giovanni
Bioresource technology 2018 v.270 pp. 359-367
Thermomonas, Thiobacillus, biomass, byproducts, denitrification, desulfurization, nitrate nitrogen, nitrites, nitrogen, nitrogen dioxide, pollution, sulfur, surface area, wastewater
In this study, the biokinetics of autotrophic denitrification with biogenic S0 (ADBIOS) for the treatment of nitrogen pollution in wastewaters were investigated. The used biogenic S0, a by-product of gas desulfurization, was an elemental microcrystalline orthorhombic sulfur with a median size of 4.69 µm and a specific surface area of 3.38 m2/g, which made S0 particularly reactive and bioavailable. During denitritation, the biomass enriched on nitrite (NO2–) was capable of degrading up to 240 mg/l NO2–-N with a denitritation activity of 339.5 mg NO2–-N/g VSS·d. The use of biogenic S0 induced a low NO2–-N accumulation, hindering the NO2–-N negative impact on the denitrifying consortia and resulting in a specific denitrification activity of 223.0 mg NO3–-N/g VSS·d. Besides Thiobacillus being the most abundant genus, Moheibacter and Thermomonas were predominantly selected for denitrification and denitritation, respectively.