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Modified Anaerobic Digestion Model No. 1 for modeling methane production from food waste in batch and semi-continuous anaerobic digestions

Author:
Zhao, Xiaofei, Li, Lei, Wu, Di, Xiao, Taihui, Ma, Yao, Peng, Xuya
Source:
Bioresource technology 2019 v.271 pp. 109-117
ISSN:
0960-8524
Subject:
anaerobic digestion, carbohydrates, computer software, fermentation, food waste, gas production (biological), hydrolysis, methane production, microorganisms, models
Abstract:
A modified Anaerobic Digestion Model No. 1 (ADM1) with optimized kinetic parameters was presented to model methane production in the anaerobic digestion of food waste. Experimental data from batch and semi-continuous fermentations were used to calibrate and verify the model. Modified ADM1 simulation was carried out using AQUASIM 2.0 software. Sensitivity analysis was used to identify and evaluate the most sensitive kinetic parameters during biogas production. The decay constant of microorganisms, the disintegration constant, the hydrolysis constant of carbohydrates, the Monod maximum specific substrate uptake rate, and the half-saturation constants affected biogas production significantly. The optimized values of these parameters were 0.001, 0.16, 3, 1 and 0.23, respectively. Optimization results were validated using batch and semi-continuous experiments. The modified ADM1 well-predicted methane production, with R2 values for the validation experiments all above 90%. These results can be used as basic data to simulate methane production in full-scale reactors.