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Metabolic engineering of Clostridium tyrobutyricum for enhanced butyric acid production from undetoxified corncob acid hydrolysate

Suo, Yukai, Liao, Zhengping, Qu, Chunyun, Fu, Hongxin, Wang, Jufang
Bioresource technology 2019 v.271 pp. 266-273
Clostridium beijerinckii, Clostridium tyrobutyricum, batch fermentation, biological production, biomass, bioreactors, butyric acid, corn cobs, enzymes, fuels, furfural, hydrolysates, lignocellulose, metabolic engineering, phenolic compounds
Resistance to furan derivatives and phenolic compounds plays an important role in the use of lignocellulosic biomass for biological production of chemicals and fuels. This study confirmed that expression of short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase (SDR) from Clostridium beijerinckii NCIMB 8052 significantly improved the tolerance of C. tyrobutyricum to furfural due to the enhanced activity for furfural reduction. And on this basis, co-expression of SDR and heat shock chaperones GroESL could simultaneously enhance the tolerance of C. tyrobutyricum to furan derivatives and phenolic compounds, which were the main inhibitors presented in dilute-acid lignocellulosic hydrolysates. Consequently, the recombinant strain ATCC 25755/sdr+groESL exhibited good performance in butyric acid production with corncob acid hydrolysate as the substrate. Batch fermentation in bioreactor showed that the butyrate produced by ATCC 25755/sdr+groESL was 32.8 g/L, increased by 28.1% as compared with the wild-type strain. Meanwhile, the butyrate productivity increased from 0.19 g/L·h to 0.29 g/L·h.