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Fast-FineCut: Grain boundary detection in microscopic images considering 3D information

Author:
Ma, Boyuan, Ban, Xiaojuan, Su, Ya, Liu, Chuni, Wang, Hao, Xue, Weihua, Zhi, Yonghong, Wu, Di
Source:
Micron 2019 v.116 pp. 5-14
ISSN:
0968-4328
Subject:
algorithms, image analysis, iron, microstructure, physicochemical properties
Abstract:
The inner structure of a material is called its microstructure. It stores the genesis of a material and determines all the physical and chemical properties. However, the microstructure is highly complex and numerous image defects such as vague or missing boundaries formed during sample preparation, which makes it difficult to extract the grain boundaries precisely. In this work, we address the task of grain boundary detection in microscopic image processing and develop a graph-cut based method called Fast-FineCut to solve the problem. Our algorithm makes two key contributions: (1) An improved approach that incorporates 3D information between slices as domain knowledge, which can detect the boundaries precisely, even for the vague and missing boundaries. (2) A local processing method based on overlap-tile strategy, which can not only solve the “chain scission” problem at the edge of images, but also economize on the consumption of computing resources. We conduct experiments on a stack of 296 slices of microscopic images of polycrystalline iron (1600 × 2800) and compare the performance against several state-of-the-art boundary detection methods. We conclude that Fast-FineCut can detect boundaries effectively and efficiently.