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A R2R3-MYB transcription factor gene, FtMYB13, from Tartary buckwheat improves salt/drought tolerance in Arabidopsis

Huang, Yunji, Zhao, Haixia, Gao, Fei, Yao, Panfeng, Deng, Renyu, Li, Chenglei, Chen, Hui, Wu, Qi
Plant physiology and biochemistry 2018 v.132 pp. 238-248
Arabidopsis, abiotic stress, abscisic acid, buckwheat, drought, drought tolerance, gene overexpression, genes, malondialdehyde, photosynthesis, plant response, proline, reactive oxygen species, salt tolerance, transcription (genetics), transcription factors, transgenic plants
Abiotic stress causes various negative impacts on plants, such as water loss, reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation and decreased photosynthesis. R2R3-MYB transcription factors (TFs) play crucial roles in the response of plants to abiotic stress. However, their functions in Tartary buckwheat, a strongly abiotic and resistant coarse cereal, haven't been fully investigated. In this paper, we report that a R2R3-MYB from Tartary buckwheat, FtMYB13, is not an activator of transcriptional activity but is located in the nucleus. Moreover, compared to the wild type (WT), transgenic Arabidopsis overexpressing FtMYB13 had a lower sensitivity to ABA and caused improved drought/salt tolerance, which was attributed to the higher proline content, greater photosynthetic efficiency, higher transcript abundance of some stress-related genes and the smaller amount of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and malondialdehyde (MDA) in the transgenic lines compared to WT. Consequently, our work indicates that FtMYB13 is involved in mediating plant responses to ABA, as well as salt and drought.