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High production of 4-hydroxyisoleucine in Corynebacterium glutamicum by multistep metabolic engineering
- Zhang, Chenglin, Li, Yanjun, Ma, Jie, Liu, Yuan, He, Jilong, Li, Yingzi, Zhu, Fuzhou, Meng, Jing, Zhan, Junjie, Li, Zhixiang, Zhao, Lei, Ma, Qian, Fan, Xiaoguang, Xu, Qingyang, Xie, Xixian, Chen, Ning
- Metabolic engineering 2018 v.49 pp. 287-298
- Corynebacterium glutamicum, alpha-ketoglutaric acid, carbon, diabetes, fermentation, gene overexpression, genes, metabolic engineering, oxaloacetic acid, oxoglutarate dehydrogenase (succinyl-transferring), transcription (genetics), tricarboxylic acid cycle
- 4-Hydroxyisoleucine (4-HIL) exhibits a unique glucose-dependent insulinotropic activity and is a promising candidate for the treatment of diabetes. Direct fermentation of 4-HIL has been recently studied; however, the expected titre and yield were not achieved. In this study, we initially developed a pathway for the synthesis of 4-HIL in an L-isoleucine producer, C. glutamicum YI, but insufficient supply of α-ketoglutarate was a bottleneck for a strong production. Six genes involved in oxaloacetate and α-ketoglutarate branches were overexpressed or deleted, which increased the production of 4-HIL to 5.12 g/L but a considerable amount of L-isoleucine still accumulated in the culture. We then dynamically modulated the activity of the α-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex (ODHC) by employing L-isoleucine-responsive transcription or attenuation strategies. The best-engineered strain, HIL18, produced 34.21 g/L 4-HIL with a negligible accumulation of byproducts, including approximately 0.6 g/L L-isoleucine. This study achieved the highest production and yield of 4-HIL, and optimizing the TCA cycle by dynamically modulating the activity of ODHA can be a powerful strategy to balance the carbon flux and achieve efficient production of α-ketoglutarate and derivatives.