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Chemical constituents from the branches of Alangium barbatum and their anti-inflammatory activities

Xie, Yang-Guo, Zhu, Sheng-lan, Huang, Ying-ying, Guo, Yi-gong, Wu, Guo-jing, Muhammad, Ishaq, Yan, Shi-kai, Jin, Hui-zi, Zhang, Wei-dong
Phytochemistry letters 2018 v.28 pp. 64-68
Alangium, X-ray diffraction, alkaloids, anti-inflammatory activity, branches, chemical composition, glycosides, human cell lines, irradiation, lignans, macrophages, nitric oxide, sesquiterpenoids, spectral analysis, transcription factor NF-kappa B, tumor necrosis factor-alpha
Two new sesquiterpenes (1 and 2), one new alkaloid (4), one new neolignan glycoside (14), together with 19 known compounds were isolated from the branches of Alangium barbatum. Their structures were established by spectroscopic analysis. The absolute configuration of 21 was determined for the first time by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis with Cu-Kα irradiation. Some of isolates were evaluated for their inhibitory effects on NO production in LPS-induced RAW264.7 macrophages. Compounds 1, 3 and 9 at 10 μM concentrations exhibited mild inhibitory effects on NO production in the range of 25.0 to 32.4. Moreover, these compounds at 25 μM concentration were also found to mildly suppress NF-κB activation in TNF-α induced expression of NF-κB-Luc in Hela cells with inhibition percent in the range of 15.0 to 25.0%.