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An adapted companion modelling approach for enhancing multi-stakeholder cooperation in complex river basins

Basco-Carrera, L., Meijers, E., Sarısoy, H. D., Şanli, N. O., Coşkun, S., Oliemans, W., van Beek, E., Karaaslan, Y., Jonoski, A.
Theinternational journal of sustainable development and world ecology 2018 v.25 no.8 pp. 747-764
collective action, decision making, empirical models, games, planning, sanitation, stakeholders, sustainable development, water quality, watersheds, Turkey (country)
The sustainable development agenda 2030 calls for achievement of certain targets to ensure access to water and sanitation for all. Multi-stakeholder partnerships and the use of data and modelling tools are conditioning elements for their achievement. In this article, we demonstrate that participatory modelling supports informed and participatory decision making in complex river basins. An adapted companion modelling approach is presented to support collective action by reducing disputes and enhancing collaboration among stakeholders. The co-development and use of empirical models for understanding the complexity of the physical system is combined with the use of role-playing games to ensure the active involvement of stakeholders. The approach is implemented in a top-down water quality planning process in Turkey. Results show its suitability for managing water quality in complex river basins in an inclusive manner and its substantial benefits in developing stakeholders’ capacities and creating a cooperative environment.