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Sustainability measurement of product-service systems: Brazilian case studies about electric car-sharing

Teles, F., Gomes Magri, R. T., Cooper Ordoñez, R. E., Anholon, R., Lacerda Costa, S., Santa-Eulalia, L. A.
Theinternational journal of sustainable development and world ecology 2018 v.25 no.8 pp. 722-729
business enterprises, case studies, econometric models, income, social benefit, sustainable communities
Modifying the traditional production system and the culture of consumption is necessary to achieve a sustainable society. The product-service system (PSS) business model allows companies to progressively add services to physical products, thus promoting more pro-sustainable business outcomes. The purpose of this work is to verify how a PSS model can contribute to sustainability by analyzing two electric car-sharing projects using a set of five factors. As a methodological strategy, a Systematic Literature Review and a case study of the two projects (VAMO and EMOTIVE) were performed. Findings show benefits generated by both projects as to environmental aspects, mainly related to gases emission. It was also possible to observe social benefits due to income development and environmental awareness. This paper thus contributes to the discussion of the potential of the PSS models and how they can leverage business models toward a more sustainable society. Although the results are applicable only in this case, this article can motivate new projects and contribute to enriching the debate about sustainable solutions, as the literature in this field still provides few case studies showing these types of applications.