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Effect of LED irradiation on the ripening and nutritional quality of postharvest banana fruit

Huang, Jen‐Yi, Xu, Fengying, Zhou, Weibiao
Journal of the science of food and agriculture 2018 v.98 no.14 pp. 5486-5493
ascorbic acid, bananas, cell respiration, ethylene production, horticulture, irradiation, light emitting diodes, lighting, nutrition, nutritive value, peeling, photosynthetically active radiation, plant pigments, postharvest physiology, ripening, wavelengths
BACKGROUND: With the ability to tailor wavelengths necessary to the photosynthetically active radiation spectrum of plant pigments, light‐emitting diodes (LEDs) offer vast possibilities in horticultural lighting. The influence of LED light irradiation on major postharvest features of banana was investigated. Mature green bananas were treated daily with selected blue (464–474 nm), green (515–525 nm) and red (617–627 nm) LED lights for 8 days, and compared with non‐illuminated control. RESULTS: The positive effect of LED lighting on the acceleration of ripening in bananas was greatest for blue, followed by red and green. Under the irradiation of LED lights, faster peel de‐greening and flesh softening, and increased ethylene production and respiration rate in bananas were observed during storage. Furthermore, the accumulations of ascorbic acid, total phenols, and total sugars in banana fruit were enhanced by LED light exposure. CONCLUSION: LED light treatment can induce the ripening of bananas and improve their quality and nutrition potential. These findings might provide new chemical‐free strategies to shorten the time to ripen banana after harvest by using LED light source. © 2018 Society of Chemical Industry