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Preventive effects of N‐acetyl‐l‐cysteine against imidacloprid intoxication on Bombyx mori larvae
- Gao, Hui‐Ju, Sun, Yong‐Liang, Song, Gui‐Zhen, Su, Bin, Zhang, Meng‐Meng, Ren, Chun‐Jiu, Wang, Yan‐Wen
- Archives of insect biochemistry and physiology 2018 v.99 no.2 pp. e21497
- Bombyx mori, acetylcysteine, antioxidants, body weight, catalase, enzyme activity, feed conversion, glutathione, imidacloprid, insect larvae, leaves, malondialdehyde, midgut, mulberries, poisoning, silkworms, superoxide dismutase, survival rate, toxicity
- Imidacloprid, a widely used neonicotinoid insecticide, is toxic to silkworm (Bombyx mori). To explore whether N‐acetyl‐l‐cysteine (NAC) has an effect on preventing silkworm (B. mori) from toxification caused by imidacloprid, we fed the fifth‐instar larvae with mulberry leaves dipped in 200 mg/L NAC solution before exposing in imidacloprid, and investigated the silkworm growth, survival rate, feed efficiency, cocoon quality, and the activities of antioxidant enzymes in midgut. The results showed that addition of NAC could significantly increase body weight, survival rate, and feed efficiency of imidacloprid poisoned silkworm larvae (P < 0.05), as well as cocoon mass, cocoon shell mass, and the ratio of cocoon shell (P < 0.05). Furthermore, it could significantly promote the activities of the antioxidant enzymes including superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxide in the midgut of fifth‐instar larvae under imidacloprid exposure at the late stage of treatment. In addition, it also could downregulate the malondialdehyde content. The results of our findings proved that the added NAC may have some beneficial effects on protection or restoration of antioxidant balance in imidacloprid exposed larvae.