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Histopathologic Features of Colorectal Adenoma and Adenocarcinoma Developing Within Inflammatory Polyps in Miniature Dachshunds

Saito, Tsubasa, Chambers, James K., Nakashima, Ko, Uchida, Eri, Ohno, Koichi, Tsujimoto, Hajime, Uchida, Kazuyuki, Nakayama, Hiroyuki
Dachshund, adenocarcinoma, adenoma, animal pathology, antigens, beta catenin, biopsy, colorectal neoplasms, goblet cells, histopathology, humans, immunohistochemistry, neoplasm cells, polyps (pathological conditions)
Biopsy samples of colorectal polyps were collected and examined from 67 Miniature Dachshund dogs (including 35 cases with an additional biopsy). Histopathologic diagnoses of the initial biopsy samples were “inflammatory polyp” in 52 cases (78%), “adenoma” in 10 cases (15%), and “adenocarcinoma” in 5 cases (8%). Eight of 10 cases (80%) diagnosed as adenoma also had inflammatory polyp lesions in the same specimen. A second biopsy was performed in 25 cases (48%) initially diagnosed with inflammatory polyp. Pathologic diagnoses for the second biopsy were inflammatory polyp in 11 cases (44%), adenoma in 9 cases (36%), and adenocarcinoma in 5 cases (20%). The number of beta-catenin-positive nuclei in epithelial cells was significantly higher in adenoma (46%) and adenocarcinoma (75%) as compared with inflammatory polyp (6%). Normal epithelial cells and hyperplastic goblet cells in inflammatory polyps showed homogeneous positive cytoplasmic immunoreactivity for adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) antigen. However, APC expression was decreased in areas of intense nuclear beta-catenin expression in adenoma and adenocarcinoma lesions. Foci of cytokeratin 5/6–positive squamous cell-like neoplastic cells showed intense beta-catenin nuclear expression that was similar to squamous morules described in human colorectal tumors. The results of the present study suggest that the inflammatory polyp in Miniature Dachshunds is a progressive disease that may develop into adenoma and/or adenocarcinoma. In addition, immunohistochemical findings suggest that aberrations of APC and beta-catenin expression may be involved in tumor development within the inflammatory polyp lesions.