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Nonsuppurative Encephalitis in a Dog

Schöniger, S., Klose, K., Werner, H., Schwarz, B.-A., Müller, T., Schoon, H.-A.
animal pathology, brain stem, Aujeszky disease, encephalitis, larynx, Suid alphaherpesvirus 1, diarrhea, immunohistochemistry, males, neurons, antigens, dogs, polymerase chain reaction, ganglia, wild boars, histopathology, microscopy, hypothermia, virus culture, pharynx, dyspnea, Germany
A 4-year-old male German Hunting Terrier presented with tremor, dyspnea, trismus, spasms of the musculature of the larynx and pharynx, and hypothermia and subsequently died despite intensive clinical care. Prior clinical signs included vomitus and diarrhea. Microscopic examination of the brain revealed a multifocal nonsuppurative brain stem encephalitis; a few intralesional neurons contained intranuclear inclusions. By immunohistochemistry, Aujeszky disease virus (Suid herpesvirus 1) antigen was detected in neurons in the brain and in ganglion cells of the trigeminal ganglia. Viral culture of brain tissue confirmed the presence of Aujeszky disease virus. Histopathologic findings in the brain with the identification of Aujeszky disease virus by immunohistochemistry and polymerase chain reaction are consistent with Aujeszky disease virus–induced encephalitis. Sequencing revealed a 100% homology of the isolated Aujeszky disease virus with Aujeszky disease virus isolates of wild boar from Eastern Germany.