Main content area

Aroma Compounds in Chicken Broths of Beijing Youji and Commercial Broilers

Fan, Mengdie, Xiao, Qunfei, Xie, Jianchun, Cheng, Jie, Sun, Baoguo, Du, Wenbin, Wang, Yaxin, Wang, Tianze
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2018 v.66 no.39 pp. 10242-10251
aldehydes, broiler chickens, broths, cysteine, evaporation, flavor, meat, odor compounds, odors, polyunsaturated fatty acids, ribose, thiamin, water solubility, China
The unique flavor of Beijing Youji (BJY) chicken broth compared with that of commercial broilers (CB) was investigated by solvent-assisted flavor evaporation combined with AEDA/GC-O (aroma extract dilution analysis of gas chromatography–olfactometry), quantitation, and aroma recombination. A total of 71 odorants with almost the same major odorants (≥10 ng/g broth) were found by GC-O in both BJY and CB broths. However, BJY broth had thirty-two more extra odorants than CB broth, indicating the rich fragrance of the former. Aroma recombination and omission experiments demonstrated that 21 versus 17 odorants (with OAV ≥ 1) contributed significantly to BJY and CB broth aromas, respectively. Those key odorants mainly included sulfur-containing compounds and aliphatic aldehydes, such as 2-methyl-3-furanthiol, 3-(methylthio)propanal, (E,E)-2,4-decadienal, etc. Furthermore, composition analysis of the meat suggested that the better flavor, with rather more odorants, of BJY broth is probably due to higher contents of polyunsaturated fatty acids and water-soluble flavor precursor, including ribose, cysteine, thiamine, etc., present in the BJY meat.