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In vitro antibacterial and early stage biofilm inhibitory potential of an edible chitosan and its phenolic conjugates against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Listeria monocytogenes

Kim, Gabjin, Dasagrandhi, Chakradhar, Kang, Eun-Hye, Eom, Sung-Hwan, Kim, Young-Mog
3 Biotech 2018 v.8 no.10 pp. 439
Listeria monocytogenes, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, adhesion, antibacterial properties, bacteria, biofilm, caffeic acid, chitosan, ferulic acid, food pathogens, membrane permeability, minimum inhibitory concentration, sinapic acid
In the present study, the antibacterial potential of chitosan grafted with phenolics (CPCs) such as caffeic acid (CCA), ferulic (CFA), and sinapic acid (CSA) were evaluated against foodborne pathogens like Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) and Listeria monocytogenes (LM). The geometric means of minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC range 0.05–0.33 mg/ml), bactericidal concentration (MBC range 0.30–0.45 mg/ml), biofilm inhibitory concentration (BIC range 0.42–0.83 mg/ml), and biofilm eradication concentration (BEC range 1.71–3.70 mg/ml) of CPCs were found to be lower than the MIC (0.12–1.08 mg/ml), MBC (0.17–1.84 mg/ml), BIC (4.0–4.50 mg/ml), and BEC (17.4–23.0 mg/ml) of unmodified chitosan against PA and LM. CPCs attenuated the biofilms of PA and LM by increasing the membrane permeability of bacteria embedded within the biofilms. Further, sub MIC of CPCs (0.5 × MIC) significantly reduced the biofilm adhesion (p < 0.001) by representative strains of LM (CCA: 72.2 ± 3.5, CFA: 79.3 ± 0.9, and CSA: 74.9 ± 1.5%) and PA (CCA: 64 ± 1.1, CFA: 67.8 ± 0.8, and CSA: 65.7 ± 4.9%). These results suggested the antibacterial and anti-biofilm potential of CPCs that can be exploited to control foodborne pathogenic infections.