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Quasi-Likelihood Estimation of a Censored Autoregressive Model With Exogenous Variables
- Wang, Chao, Chan, Kung-Sik
- Journal of the American Statistical Association 2018 v.113 no.523 pp. 1135-1145
- equations, models, phosphorus, river water, statistical analysis
- Maximum likelihood estimation of a censored autoregressive model with exogenous variables (CARX) requires computing the conditional likelihood of blocks of data of variable dimensions. As the random block dimension generally increases with the censoring rate, maximum likelihood estimation becomes quickly numerically intractable with increasing censoring. We introduce a new estimation approach using the complete-incomplete data framework with the complete data comprising the observations were there no censoring. We introduce a system of unbiased estimating equations motivated by the complete-data score vector, for estimating a CARX model. The proposed quasi-likelihood method reduces to maximum likelihood estimation when there is no censoring, and it is computationally efficient. We derive the consistency and asymptotic normality of the quasi-likelihood estimator, under mild regularity conditions. We illustrate the efficacy of the proposed method by simulations and a real application on phosphorus concentration in river water.