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Bone Marrow Response in Cattle with Chronic Dermatitis Caused by Psoroptes ovis

Stromberg, P. C., Guillot, F. S.
Hereford, Psoroptes ovis, anemia, animal pathology, biopsy, bone marrow, calves, dermatitis, eosinophils, fibrinogen, heifers, hyperplasia, lymphocytes, mites, neutropenia, neutrophils
Six Hereford heifer calves were infested with Psoroptes ovis and compared to six uninfested control calves. Infested calves developed severe exudative dermatitis which covered 100% of the body surface by 7 weeks after infestation. They developed moderate nonregenerative anemia, decreased numbers of neutrophils and lymphocytes, and increased plasma protein and fibrinogen concentrations. Sternal marrow core biopsies taken 7 weeks after infestation were 75 to 90% cellular, while cores from uninfested calves were 10 to 20% cellular. Comparison of myelograms between the two groups of calves revealed increased M: E ratio, myelocyte and metamyelocyte hyperplasia with depletion of mature neutrophils and eosinophils in the P. ovis-infested calves. It was concluded that P. ovis-infested calves develop myeloid hyperplasia and that mange-related neutropenia is not due to bone marrow suppression by a mite or scab-associated toxin.