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Agar-immobilized basil–lactic acid bacteria bioproducts as goat milk taste-masking agents and natural preservatives for the production of unripened goat cheese

Bartkiene, Elena, Laurikietyte, Ruta, Lele, Vita, Zavistanaviciute, Paulina, Mozuriene, Erika, Baltusnikiene, Aldona
Journal of dairy science 2018 v.101 no.12 pp. 10866-10876
Lactobacillus brevis, Lactobacillus paracasei, Lactobacillus plantarum, Ocimum basilicum, Pediococcus acidilactici, Pediococcus pentosaceus, agar, basil, biobased products, biopreservatives, cheesemaking, extended shelf life, fermentation, goat cheese, goat milk, hardness, ingredients, lactic acid bacteria, manufacturing, molds (fungi), pH, sensory properties, viability, yeasts
Goat milk cheeses have become popular recently; however, many consumers do not choose these products because they have specific sensory properties that are not acceptable to all consumers and the shelf life of the cheese is short. The concept of this work was to increase overall acceptability and shelf life of unripened goat milk cheese by using Ocimum basilicum and lactic acid bacteria (Lactobacillus plantarum LUHS135, Lactobacillus paracasei LUHS244, Pediococcus pentosaceus LUHS100, Pediococcus acidilactici LUHS29, and Lactobacillus brevis LUHS140) bioproducts (basil-LAB) immobilized in agar. A basil-LAB bioproduct could be a promising multifunctional ingredient for cheese manufacturing because it has a low pH, high LAB count, and high total phenolic compound content (after fermentation pH decreased by 25.4%, LAB count averaged 7.2 log10 cfu/g, and total phenolic compound content increased by 30.9%). Use of different LAB in the preparation of basil-LAB bioproducts had a significant influence on cheese pH and hardness, and compared with cheese samples prepared with nonfermented basil, cheese samples prepared with basil-LAB bioproducts had, on average, higher pH (by 2.6%) and lower hardness (by 36.0%), similar to the control cheese (without basil). Overall acceptability of cheese was significantly influenced by the basil-LAB bioproduct immobilization process; in all cases, cheese samples prepared with fermented and immobilized basil-LAB bioproduct had better acceptability (5 points). After 120 h of storage, cheese samples prepared with basil-LAB bioproducts fermented with LUHS135, LUHS244 and LUHS140, no enterobacteria were found, and we detected strong negative and moderate negative correlations, respectively, of LAB count with enterobacteria count and yeast/mold count (r = −0.7939 and r = −0.4495, respectively). Finally, immobilization increased LAB viability in fresh goat milk cheese, which led to a reduction in enterobacteria and mold/yeast contamination during storage and an increase in overall acceptability compared with nonimmobilized basil-LAB. Therefore, basil-LAB bioproducts fermented with LUHS135, LUHS244, and LUHS140 strains can be recommended for preparing fresh goat milk cheese with extended shelf life and high acceptability.