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The Pathologic Anatomy of Lead Poisoning in Dogs

Zook, B. C.
animal pathology, arterioles, bone marrow, cerebral cortex, dogs, edema, endothelium, hemorrhage, hepatocytes, hyperplasia, lead poisoning, muscle fibers, necrosis, ovarian follicles, peripheral nervous system diseases, spermatozoa, staining, striated muscle
Thirty-two dogs diagnosed as having lead poisoning were studied postmortem. Enlarged, pale staining nuclei of renal proximal tubular cells and hepatocytes were present in all affected dogs and frequently contained acid-fast inclusions. Bone changes consisting of persistent, thick cartilaginous trabeculae rimmed with bone caused radiopaque bands in the metaphyses of eight immature dogs. Brain lesions were characterized by vascular damage. Distended arterioles and capillaries were lined with swollen or necrotic endothelium and were often surrounded by hemorrhage and edema. These changes were associated with laminar necrosis in the cerebral cortex. Proliferation of new capillaries and gliosis occurred in dogs with chronic encephalopathies. Other changes included hyperplasia of bone marrow, metarubricytes in blood vessels, necrosis of occasional striated muscle fibers, decreased numbers of sperm and ovarian follicles, and peripheral neuropathy.