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The occurrence of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) in the pericarp of different grapevine genotypes and in grape leaves and developing seeds

Famiani, Franco, Paoletti, Andrea, Proietti, Primo, Battistelli, Alberto, Moscatello, Stefano, Cruz-Castillo, Juan G., Walker, Robert P.
Journal of horticultural science & biotechnology 2018 v.93 no.5 pp. 456-465
Vitis cinerea var. helleri, Vitis riparia, Vitis vinifera, biotechnology, cultivars, genotype, gluconeogenesis, grape seeds, grapes, horticulture, hybrids, leaves, pericarp, pyruvate phosphate dikinase, ripening, seed coat, seeds, tissues
The occurrence of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) and pyruvate orthophosphate dikinase (PPDK) was determined in the ripe pericarps of several grape genotypes. Moreover, the abundance pattern of PEPCK during the development of grape berries was studied in a range of cultivars. In addition, the presence of PEPCK in grape leaves and the location/abundance of PEPCK in developing grape seeds were investigated. PEPCK was present in the pericarp of all the cultivars of Vitis vinifera studied and in that of the hybrid 420A (Vitis berlandieri × Vitis riparia). By contrast, PPDK was either not present or present at very low abundance. The results strongly indicated that the PEPCK and not the PPDK pathway is the predominant one utilised in gluconeogenesis in the berry pericarp of grape genotypes. Further, the results showed that the abundance of PEPCK increased greatly at the start of ripening in all the cultivars, showing a similar pattern in all of them. PEPCK was not present (or at very low abundance) in grape leaves throughout their development. In developing grape seeds, the results indicated a similar abundance of PEPCK in both the seed coat and the tissues enclosed by it.