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Preparation and Post-Assembly Modification of Metallosupramolecular Assemblies from Poly(N-Heterocyclic Carbene) Ligands

Gan, Ming-Ming, Liu, Ji-Quan, Zhang, Le, Wang, Yao-Yu, Hahn, F. Ekkehardt, Han, Ying-Feng
Chemical reviews 2018 v.118 no.19 pp. 9587-9641
carbenes, carbon, cycloaddition reactions, heterocyclic nitrogen compounds, ligands, photochemistry, salts, transition elements
Although the coordination chemistry of N-heterocyclic carbenes (NHCs) with transition metals has been explored for half a century, only in the past ten years has the chemistry of metallosupramolecular assemblies based on poly-NHC ligands been studied more extensively. Remarkable discrete assemblies featuring poly-NHC ligands including two-dimensional metallacycles and three-dimensional metallaprisms/cages have since emerged. These assemblies are mostly obtained starting from various imidazolium or benzimidazolium salts. Driven by the increasing interest in new supramolecular architectures from carbon donor ligands, design, and construction of poly-NHC metal assemblies has become a rapidly growing area of research. The metal–carbene bond length is fixed to approximately 2.0 Å in linear NHC–M–NHC complexes. This allows the use of such complexes bearing olefin-substituted NHC ligands as templates for subsequent photochemical [2 + 2] cycloaddition reactions. The postassembly modification of such assemblies has been actively explored in recent years. In this review, we focus on the synthetic methods, characterization, structural features, and postassembly modifications of metallosupramolecular assemblies obtained from poly-NHC ligands.