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Effects of Agronomic Management and Climate on Leaf Phenolic Profiles, Disease Severity, and Grain Yield in Organic and Conventional Wheat Production Systems
- Rempelos, Leonidas, Almuayrifi, Abujawad M., Baranski, Marcin, Tetard-Jones, Catherine, Eyre, Mick, Shotton, Peter, Cakmak, Ismail, Ozturk, Levent, Cooper, Julia, Volakakis, Nikolaos, Schmidt, Christoph, Sufar, Enas, Wang, Juan, Wilkinson, Andrew, Rosa, Eduardo A. S., Zhao, Bingqiang, Rose, Terry J., Leifert, Carlo, Bilsborrow, Paul
- Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2018 v.66 no.40 pp. 10369-10379
- NPK fertilizers, Septoria, animal manures, climate, conventional farming, crop rotation, disease severity, flavonoids, foliar diseases, fungicides, grain yield, growth regulators, herbicides, intensive farming, leaves, lodging, phenolic compounds, powdery mildew, production technology, secondary infection, wheat
- Agricultural intensification over the last 40 years has increased cereal yields, but there is very limited information on the effects of intensification practices (e.g., nondiverse rotations, mineral NPK fertilizer, and pesticides) on crop health and quality. Results from the study reported here suggest that the use of mineral NPK fertilizers reduces phenolic acid and flavonoid concentrations in leaves and increases the susceptibility of wheat to lodging and powdery mildew, when compared to composted FYM inputs. In contrast, the use of herbicides, fungicides, and growth regulators reduces lodging and foliar disease severity but had no effect on phenolic acid and flavonoid concentrations. The use of composted FYM inputs also resulted in a significant grain yield reduction and not substantially reduced the severity of opportunistic pathogens such as Septoria, which remain a major yield limiting factor unless fungicides are used and/or more Septoria resistant varieties become available.