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Hematology reference intervals for adult cows in France using the Sysmex XT-2000iV analyzer

Herman, Nicolas, Trumel, Catherine, Geffré, Anne, Braun, Jean-Pierre, Thibault, Marion, Schelcher, François, Bourgès-Abella, Nathalie
adults, beef cows, blood platelet count, dairy cattle, early lactation, erythrocyte count, erythrocytes, farms, flow cytometry, hematocrit, hematology, hemoglobin, leukocyte count, lymphocytes, neutrophils, France
In order to develop bovine hematology reference intervals (RIs) in accordance with new international recommendations, we analyzed 156 blood specimens of healthy adult dairy and beef cows from 32 farms with a Sysmex XT-2000iV analyzer, and by manual scoring of platelet clumps and white blood cell (WBC) differential. We established RIs by the nonparametric method, and examined effects of age, production type (beef vs. dairy), and stage of lactation. RIs could not be determined for platelet count and indices because clumps were observed in 80% of specimens. Optical and impedance red blood cell (RBC) counts were similar, although statistically different. RIs for analyzer and manual WBC differentials were not different except for lymphocyte concentration, the subpopulations of which were counted manually. Hematocrit was higher in beef than dairy cattle, and hemoglobin was lower in early lactation. Increases in RBC count, mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin, and RBC distribution width were noted with increasing age, along with decreases in WBC count, neutrophils, and lymphocytes. Most RIs in our study, with the exception of neutrophils, were similar to those previously reported using a flow cytometry analyzer.