Main content area

A comparative study on co-pyrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass with polyethylene terephthalate, polystyrene, and polyvinyl chloride: Synergistic effects and product characteristics

Özsin, Gamzenur, Pütün, Ayşe Eren
Journal of cleaner production 2018 v.205 pp. 1127-1138
analytical methods, biofuels, biomass, chemical structure, lignocellulose, liquids, mixing, peaches, plastics, poly(vinyl chloride), polyethylene terephthalates, polystyrenes, pyrolysis, walnut hulls, wastes
Co-pyrolysis of waste biomass and plastics was investigated to find out whether the quality of pyrolysis products was improved. For the sake of yield and compositional comparison, three polymers (polyethylene terephthalate, polystyrene, and polyvinyl chloride) and two biomasses (walnut shells and peach stones) were tested in a fixed bed reactor. The maximum bio-oil yield was obtained at 500 °C as 20.81 wt % for walnut shell and 18.30 wt %, for peach stone pyrolysis, then co-pyrolysis experiments were performed at 500 °C. Based on the experimental findings, blending of polyethylene terephthalate, polystyrene, and polyvinyl chloride into biomass affected product yield substantially. To gain more insight into the effect of polymers, liquid and solid products were analyzed by various analytical techniques. Results showed a significant modification on the chemical structure tars after co-pyrolysis, and tar yield increased up to 49.80 wt%. Meanwhile, modifying the structures and enhancing the quality of the tars and chars seemed possible by co-pyrolysis.