Main content area

Optimization of hydraulic retention time and organic loading rate for volatile fatty acid production from low strength wastewater in an anaerobic membrane bioreactor

Khan, Mohd Atiqueuzzaman, Ngo, Huu Hao, Guo, Wenshan, Liu, Yiwen, Nghiem, Long Duc, Chang, Soon Woong, Nguyen, Dinh Duc, Zhang, Shicheng, Luo, Gang, Jia, Hui
Bioresource technology 2019 v.271 pp. 100-108
carbon, fermentation, glucose, isobutyric acid, membrane bioreactors, methanogens, pH, propionic acid, volatile fatty acids, wastewater
This study aims to investigate the production of volatile fatty acids (VFAs) from low strength wastewater at various hydraulic retention time (HRT) and organic loading rate (OLR) in a continuous anaerobic membrane bioreactor (AnMBR) using glucose as carbon source. This experiment was performed without any selective inhibition of methanogens and the reactor pH was maintained at 7.0 ± 0.1. 48, 24, 18, 12, 8 and 6 h-HRTs were applied and the highest VFA concentration was recorded at 8 h with an overall VFA yield of 48.20 ± 1.21 mg VFA/100 mg CODfeed. Three different ORLs were applied (350, 550 and 715 mg CODfeed) at the optimum 8 h-HRT. The acetic and propanoic acid concentration maximums were (1.1845 ± 0.0165 and 0.5160 ± 0.0141 mili-mole/l respectively) at 550 mg CODfeed. The isobutyric acid concentration was highest (0.3580 ± 0.0407 mili-mole/l) at 715 mg CODfeed indicating butyric-type fermentation at higher organic loading rate.