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Stable and efficient partial nitritation granular sludge reactor treating domestic sewage at low temperature

Zhang, Jianhua, Zhang, Qiong, Miao, Yuanyuan, Sun, Yawen, Chen, Jianfei, Peng, Yongzhen
Bioresource technology 2018 v.270 pp. 746-750
ammonium, anaerobic ammonium oxidation, bacteria, dissolved oxygen, municipal wastewater, nitrites, oxidation, phosphorus, sewage, sludge, temperature
The success of combined partial nitritation (PN) and anammox process treating low-strength domestic wastewater depends on achieving a stable and efficient PN. In this study, desirable PN for domestic sewage with low temperature of 11.8–16.9 °C was achieved in a granular sludge reactor operated in anaerobic/aerobic (A/O) mode. Average nitrite accumulation ratio of 97.3% was obtained with an effluent nitrite/ammonium ratio of 1.2 for influent ammonium of 39.3–78.7 mg·L−1. Quantitative microbial analysis and activity batch test showed that nitrite oxidizing bacteria (NOB) were effectively suppressed, while ammonium oxidizing bacteria (AOB) were dominant. For the efficient suppression of NOB, A/O mode, aerobic phosphorus uptake and granular sludge could play important roles. Furthermore, high AOB activity was obtained with an average ammonium oxidation rate of 11.6 mg N·L−1·h−1, which could be due to the abundant psychrotolerant microorganisms, increased content of extracellular polymeric substances and relatively high dissolved oxygen condition of the reactor.