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A virtual globe-based three-dimensional dynamic visualization method for gas diffusion

Author:
Cheng, Ruozhen, Chen, Jing, Cao, Ming
Source:
Environmental modelling & software 2019 v.111 pp. 13-23
ISSN:
1364-8152
Subject:
algorithms, gas emissions, landscapes, natural gas
Abstract:
Three-dimensional dynamic visualization of the long range gas diffusion contributes to disaster forecasting and assessment. Existing three-dimensional visualization methods, which calculate the gas concentration without considering the terrain and display the gas concentration in the local range by isosurfaces, cannot meet the demand for intensive calculation and dynamic visualization of gas diffusion over a wide range. This study proposes a virtual globe-based three-dimensional dynamic visualization method of the long range gas diffusion, consisting of a voxel-based multi-scale data model, a terrain-dependent multi-scale concentration field calculation method using graphics processing units (GPU), and a GPU-based multi-scale spherical ray-casting algorithm. The method is then applied to the long range natural gas diffusion and is evaluated according to the efficiency of the concentration calculation and dynamic visualization. The results show that the proposed method can achieve dynamic visualization of the long range gas diffusion above 30 frames per second.