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2′-Hydroxyflavanone induced changes in the proteomic profile of breast cancer cells

Lokesh D. Nagaprashantha, Jyotsana Singhal, Shireen Chikara, Gabriel Gugiu, David Horne, Sanjay Awasthi, Ravi Salgia, Sharad S. Singhal
Journal of proteomics 2019 v.192 pp. 233-245
antineoplastic activity, antineoplastic agents, breast neoplasms, breasts, citrus fruits, epithelial cells, flavonoids, metastasis, neoplasm cells, proteins, proteomics, therapeutics, women
In spite of rapid advances in understanding of signaling networks associated with the incidence and therapeutic-sensitivity, breast cancer (BC) still remains the most commonly diagnosed and prevalent cancer in women. Emergence of resistance to hormonal interventions in estrogen-receptor (ER) positive BC coupled to loss of ER expression and activation of ER-independent growth factor, heat-shock, MYC and WNT pathways along with distinct mechanisms of therapeutic-resistance in HER2 over-expressing and triple-negative subtypes of BC collectively necessitates deeper profiling of the mechanistic networks regulated by potential lead anticancer compounds intended for further development to target BC. A significant part of the search for novel lead anticancer compounds for BC has focused on phytochemicals including flavonoids found in citrus fruits, which have shown promising anticancer activity. Based on the initial studies which revealed the anticancer effect of 2HF in BC, we employed an advanced TMT 10plex labeled proteomic approach to characterize the changes in non-phosphorylated and phosphorylated proteomic profile of ER+ MCF7, triple-negative MDA-MB231 and HER2+ SKBR3 BC cells, and MCF10A normal breast epithelial cells. 2HF induced significant changes in the proteins responsible for BC incidence, metastases and therapeutic sensitivity in BC cells.