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A putative calcium-ATPase of the secretory pathway family may regulate calcium/manganese levels in the Golgi apparatus of Entamoeba histolytica

Rodríguez, Mario A., Martínez-Higuera, Aarón, Valle-Solis, Martha I., Hernandes-Alejandro, Mario, Chávez-Munguía, Bibiana, Figueroa-Gutiérrez, Ana H., Salas-Casas, Andrés
Parasitology research 2018 v.117 no.11 pp. 3381-3389
Entamoeba histolytica, Golgi apparatus, adenosinetriphosphatase, amebiasis, amino acids, antibodies, calcium, cell death, endosomes, exocytosis, gene expression regulation, growth and development, humans, ions, lysosomes, manganese, microscopy, parasites, phagocytosis, phagosomes, phylogeny, proteins, recycling, signal transduction, vacuoles
Calcium regulates many cellular processes in protozoa, including growth, differentiation, programmed cell death, exocytosis, endocytosis, phagocytosis, fusion of the endosomes of distinct stages with phagosomes, fusion of phagosomes with lysosomes, and recycling the membrane. In Entamoeba histolytica, the protozoa responsible for human amoebiasis, calcium ions are essential for signaling pathways that lead to growth and development. In addition, calcium is crucial in the modulation of gene expression in this microorganism. However, there is scant information about the proteins responsible for regulating calcium levels in this parasite. In this work, we characterized a protein of E. histolytica that shows a close phylogenetic relationship with Ca²⁺ pumps that belong to the family of secretory pathway calcium ATPases (SPCA), which for several organisms are located in the Golgi apparatus. The amoeba protein analyzed herein has several amino acid residues that are characteristic of SPCA members. By an immunofluorescent technique using specific antibodies and immunoelectron microscopy, the protein was detected on the membrane of some cytoplasmic vacuoles. Moreover, this putative calcium-ATPase was located in vacuoles stained with NBD C6-ceramide, a Golgi marker. Overall, the current findings support the hypothesis that the presently analyzed protein corresponds to the SPCA of E. histolytica.